Orthodontics etymologically means straight teeth. It is the science and art that is responsible for locating teeth using different mechanisms in the most appropriate position within their dental arches to optimize the function and aesthetics of the masticatory system and in all stages of life. Once the correct diagnosis and prognosis process has been carried out, the appropriate treatment plan will proceed.
There are fixed appliances such as braces, removable and combinations of the two. This is determined according to the case, the age and aesthetic-functional requirements of each patient.
How does it work?
The teeth move thanks to the fact that they have a delicate laminar structure around them (periodontal) that provides slight mobility and allows the processes of bone remodeling and therefore the teeth are relocated by the use of appliances that print different vectors of forces so they must always be supervised by the treating orthodontist professional.
Like all medical procedures, there are limitations, but today they can be solved mostly by the help of other dental specialties such as oral and aesthetic rehabilitation., or orthognathic surgery.
Currently science and technology allow us to treat bad dental positions with incredible versatility with increasingly aesthetic appliances, with better results in relatively short times and with minimal discomfort for the patient and what is more relevant within the reach of our economy.
Made by: Dr. Carlos Moscoso
Orthodontist at the Vozandes Quito Hospital