When a group of cells in the body begins to grow out of order, out of control, without self-limitation is called a tumor. If this occurs within the brain, depending on its own structures or those that surround and protect it, we speak of brain tumors.
The symptoms that can occur are very diverse, some very specific such as the loss of specific functions such as vision or hearing or something more nonspecific such as a headache that has increased over time and changes its usual pattern.
The localization, the growth pattern or its size will have a relationship with the presentation and development of symptoms. From this we can describe some of them:
- Headache: it is the first cause of consultation with any doctor, most of the people in the world have ever experienced this pain. Hence it is important to see if the usual pattern changes., increases in frequency and intensity, does not calm with conventional medications or is accompanied by other signs such as unexplained vomiting.
- Convulsive crisis: they are abnormal movements, involuntary, that precede loss of consciousness and in some cases even visual or auditory hallucinations.
- Compromise of neurological functions: vision or hearing loss, difficulty moving and feeling an arm or leg, limitation to speak or understand language, changes in behavior and personality, trouble walking or balancing are clear warning signs.
Although the classification of brain tumors is extensive, We can summarize it as follows:
- Benign and malignant.
- Primary and secondary.
It should be noted that there are benign tumors located in places of high neurological activity or near vital structures that cause a great impact on people and on the other hand, malignant tumors located in sectors of less activity that affect body functions to a lesser degree and therefore cause fewer signs and symptoms. In this way we can conclude that it is so important to differentiate a benign lesion from a cancer as well as its location to determine the best treatment.
Surgical microscope – Hospital Vozandes Quito
Managing tumors in the brain, requires clinical studies, of image, laboratory and others in order to characterize the location and anatomy of the lesion, its relationship with nearby non-tumor structures, the impact on neurological functions and prognosis.
From the surgical point of view, a strategy and technique adapted to the tumor and to the individual patient is chosen, for which different resources and specialized tools are used, such as:
- Systems that improve the visualization of the lesion, such as a surgical microscope or specialized endoscopes for neurological use.
- Technology that improves and focuses orientation in surgery such as neuronavators or imaging studies in the trans-surgical.
- Real-time neurological function monitoring systems, as stimulators of the cerebral cortex to identify areas of high activity during surgery, or major nerve paths, or complete function circuits.
- All of the above with a group of professionals in Neurosurgery, anesthesiology, Neurophysiology, Neurology, Image, Surgical Instrumentation being a highly complex multidisciplinary work that demands great efficiency.
In conclusion, a brain tumor is still a shocking diagnosis both on a personal and family level, but nevertheless, timely detection of it allows an appropriate approach to be carried out in order to obtain the best possible result for which the identification of warning signs by the patient is required, relevant medical care and access to technological resources.
Written by: Dr. Christian Valencia